Food Businesses

Setting up a Food Business

Staff Training

By law, food business operators must ensure that food handlers receive the appropriate supervision and training in food hygiene, which is in-line with the area they work in and will enable them to handle food in the safest way. In the UK, food handlers do not have to hold a food hygiene certificate to prepare or sell food.
 
Persons who handle 'low risk' foods or wrapped food only must have instruction in the essentials of food hygiene on commencement.
 
Persons who prepare open 'high risk' foods or who have a supervisory role will need to attend a formal training course e.g. the Level 2 in Food safety in Catering within 3 months of starting work. Visit the Food Hygiene Training pages for information on courses and training.
 
The council does not provide food hygiene training at the moment. However, neighbouring councils provide the training. Please see the link below:
Food Safety Standard (FSA) provides free online food safety courses to help you and your business comply with food hygiene and food standards:

Remember that it will be your responsibility to comply with all the legislation. Further information on food hygiene and safety is available on the Food Standard Agency website.

Registering Your Food Business

All food businesses must be registered with the Council at least 28 days before they open for business. Registration cannot be refused and there is no charge. If you use premises in more than one local authority area, you must register with each separately.

Registration of premises including restaurants, shops, cafes, warehouses, market stalls, delivery vehicles and other moveable structures is compulsory and it enables Council officers to inspect them and give advice to food business operators. There are certain exemptions for premises which are already registered for food law for example, premises approved for the production and sale to other food businesses of certain foods such as meat products. You should contact us if you are unsure about whether a specific type of premises is exempt.

How To Register

Registration is free.

Registration for Food Business can be done via the Government website

Or

Complete the Food Business Registration Form and return it to the following address:

Environmental.health@surreyheath.gov.uk

Or

Environmental Health
Surrey Heath Borough Council
Knoll Road
Camberley
Surrey
GU15 3HD

Information about Premises Licences

If the Activities of your Food Business Change

Once you have registered with Council you only need notify us of a change of proprietor, if the nature of the business changes, or if there is a change of the address at which a moveable premises are kept. The new proprietor will have to complete an application form.

Food Safety Management System

It is a legal requirement for food businesses to have a documented food safety management in place. Safer Food, Better Business (SFBB) is a free, easy to use food safety management pack produced by the Food Standards Agency (FSA).

FSA provides SFBB for:

One-Off Event Catering

Any food business which runs for more than five days in any five consecutive weeks must be registered with the Council at least 28 days before it commences operating. This applies whether it is public or private and whether for profit or not. For more information about registration, please look at the registration section. Even if you don't need to register, food safety is very important. You should plan ahead to make sure that you will be able to serve food safely.

Issues to Consider

Hand Washing Facilities

Anyone handling food will need access to suitable hand washing facilities. These should be kept clean, with adequate supplies of hot and cold or suitably mixed water, soap, a nailbrush and hygienic hand drying facilities. Food handlers should wash their hands:

  • before handling food

  • after handling raw foods

  • after using the toilet

  • after handling high risk foods

  • after breaks

  • after coughing, sneezing, nose blowing or touching hair

Storage

Vehicles to deliver food should be fit for purpose. Some foods may require refrigeration or insulation for example. The storage facilities should protect the food, and be capable of maintaining safe temperatures for high-risk products. Also, raw and cooked foods should be separated, with raw foods stored so that moisture running off it will not go on to the cooked food.

Cross-contamination

Equipment and crockery must be stored in covered containers and off the ground. Separate knives and chopping boards should be provided for raw and cooked foods. Work surfaces for food preparation should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected before any food handling or preparation.

Temperature control

Preparation, storage and service of food should be done promptly. If some food is to be prepared in advance, then it is better to do this with low-risk foods, such as vegetables. All high risk products must be kept below 8°C or above 63°C. Food temperatures can be checked with a probe thermometer.

Location

  • preparation surfaces should be smooth, impervious and readily cleansable

  • food preparation areas must have adequate lighting

  • there must be enough space to operate

  • storage, preparation and display of cooked food must be separate to that of raw food

  • used crockery should not be taken through food handling areas

  • there must be easy access for removal of waste from the food handling area

  • an adequate supply of clean, potable water should be available

  • facilities to wash crockery and cutlery must be supplied - these should be separate to wash hand basins and sinks used for food preparation

Fats, oils and grease

Fats, oils and grease (FOG) are generated during the preparation, cooking and cleaning up of food, pots and pans, utensils, crockery and the kitchen itself. If FOG and leftover food go down your pipes, they will become solid and block your drains.
 
It is important that everyone working for you knows the best way to manage your kitchen’s waste. Training employees and helping them understand the need for grease management and good kitchen practice can really help to prevent blockages in your business’s pipes.

Our best advice

Scrape any leftover food into the bin and wipe pots, pans and utensils with paper towels before washing up
Use sink strainers in plug holes
Install a Grease Removal Unit or Grease Separator as a form of grease management to prevent FOG reaching your waste pipes
Clean and maintain any grease management equipment regularly
Collect leftover FOG in an airtight container and arrange for it to be collected by a licensed waste contractor
Keep a record of grease management maintenance and FOG waste collection dates

What the law says

Keeping fats, oils and grease out of drains is always the most effective solution to keep your pipes clear of blockages. Discharging these substances is illegal and you could face fines or prosecution under Section 111 of The Water Industry Act 1991 if you damage sewers.
 
For more information please visit Thames Water's website.

Refuse

A suitable number of containers, with close fitting lids, should be provided for refuse. These should be removed from the site by a competent contractor. Unfit food waste should be stored well away from fit food, and containers should be marked 'unfit for human consumption'.

Food Safety News and Alerts

Food Safety News and Alerts (FSA) – up-to-date food and allergy alerts, and FSA’s latest news and consultations.